This unit illustrates the integration of Social Studies and Science. The seasonal round was chosen as a theme for this unit because it lends itself well to integrating the topics of BC First Nations study in Social Studies, and habitat in Science.
A seasonal round: also known as the annual round … refers to the pattern of movement from one resource-gathering area to another in a cycle that was followed each year. Spring, summer and fall saw the people moving to a variety of resource areas while during the harsher winter they gathered in winter villages. The abundance of resources also determined how often people moved. In areas that had a greater abundance of variety, people could stay in one location for longer than in areas where resources were scarcer. Campbell, Kenneth, Charles Menzies, and Brent Peacock. B.C. First Nations Studies. BC Ministry of Education, 2003, page 25
The topic of the resource is the seasonal rounds in the four geographic regions of BC, through the perspective of Aboriginal groups (past and present) who live in these regions. Topics that will be explored include:
• natural resources
• stability and change
• living and non-living components of habitats
Ojibwe Four Seasons Video Series - found in SD71 LRC
An excellent series of 4 videos of about 9 minutes each that is combinaton of a historical re-enactment and the connection to modern day seasonal activites.
"This series is the superb achievement of a unique and powerful collaboration. Gifted Native North American artists, animators, storytellers, actors and filmmakers have lovingly produced these animated legends for our new era, for all to share. World-renowned Ojibway artist Norval Morrisseau’s paintings come alive with beautiful animations of Wesakechack, and the legends are narrated by actor and storyteller Tantoo Cardinal."
Aboriginal Calendars - Moons and the Seasonal Round
Saanich Year - calendar based on the the 13 moons of the Saanich people. The year follows the cycles of the moon and the connection to nature and resources availalbe in that area at that time.
"Aboriginal calendars are lunar calendars that are logical in a culture in which people are acute observers of nature. The preciseness of keeping track of important yearly events does not rest on an accurate lunar calendar, but with the people's acute observations and rich knowledge of nature. An Aboriginal calendar does not need to be precise, just good enough for reasonable communication." -- from guide.
This website has some lessons, pictures and resources for you to use : 13 Moons of the WSANEC (Saanich people) .
The book is no longer in print and we have been given permission to reproduce the book. In SD71, you can find the book in our LRC, search for: Aboriginal Moons.
Or we have put it in a powerpoint.
Primary Moon/Seasons Lessons - locally developed in SD71
Melissa Litke adapted the moon lesson for Kindergarten using the Saanich Moon cards:
Other Moon/Seasonal Round Books:
Thirteen Moons on Turtles Back and Maple Moon
Lunar Calendars across North America:
See the following document for Moon Names in a variety of Indigenous cultures. You can get an idea of how widespread the seasonal round is and how the connection to land and resources was paramount.
Solomon's Tree - a connection lesson using Adrienne Gear's Power of Reading
Seasonal Activity Lesson
The lesson focuses on making connections between what we do in the seasons and what different groups of First Nations people did during the seasons.
- To understand what activities aboriginal people do in each of the seasons and why.
- To read a book and make connections to what we do during the various seasons
- To take a walk through the forest to see signs of Fall
Using all your senses record certain plants and places that you visit in the various seasons.
Lesson Description: In this lesson, students gain an awareness of the importance of Winter Solstice to Aboriginal people by reading the picture book, Mouse Celebrates the Winter Solstice, by Terri Mack and participating in a connection reading strategy focus.. Students can also paint or draw their visualization.
Grade: targeted K-3, but could be used for older grades too.
- I can make connections to the Winter Solstice.
- I can make personal connections to the story.
Mouse Celebrates the Winter Solstice - Making Connections.pub